UA-69298255-1 UA-69298255-2 Blog Little P.Eng. for Engineers Training

April 4, 2020

The Welding Research Council's Bulletin 330, "Accuracy of Code Stress Intensification Factors for Branch Connections" documented a major attempt to re-assess the existing code requirements for the intensification of stresses at tees and other branch connections. The di...

March 29, 2020

As noted previously, Markl's fatigue tests generated endurance curves for various fitting configurations, such as straight pipe, butt welded pipe, elbows, miters, welding tees, unreinforced and reinforced fabricated tees, mostly using 4" nominal diameter, size-on-size...

March 23, 2020

In almost all cases the material fatigue curves are generated using a completely alternating stress; i.e., the average stress component is zero. Research has shown that the magnitude of the mean stress can have an effect on the endurance strength of a material, the tre...

March 23, 2020

At some point, in the vicinity of 7,000 cycles, the (Syc + Syh) limitation intersects the fatigue curve for carbon and low alloy steel. The allowable stress range must therefore be reduced to fit the fatigue curve for cyclic applications with 7,000 cycles or more:


March 21, 2020

A. R. C. Markl investigated the phenomenon of fatigue failure of piping during the 1940's and 1950's, and published his results in papers such as "Piping Flexibility Analysis", published in 1955. He tested a number of configurations (straight pipe, and various fittings...

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